The editors of the new journal, Emma Bell and David Scott write …
Justice, Power and Resistance, the new journal is 44 years in the making. The first meeting of the European Group for the Study of Deviance and Social Control [European Group] took place in September 1972 at Impruneta, Florence, Italy and it was agreed by those founding members present – who included Stan Cohen, Margherita Ciacci, Karl Schuman, Mario Simondi and Laurie Taylor - that the following year the European Group would host its first annual conference at the same location. European Group Annual conferences have been held each year since 1973 and this journal is to be launched at the 44th Annual Conference at Braga, Portugal in September 2016 (see Gilmore et al, 2013, for further details on European Group annual conferences).
The first publication to come under the auspices of the European Group was the ‘European Group Manifesto’, which was adopted by members at the 1974 Colchester conference, England and published in the American Journal Social Justice in 1975. Laying down the principles and organisational structure of the European Group, the Manifesto noted that the early focus of the group had been on “penal institutions and prisoner movements, psychiatric control, police practices and procedures, politics and deviancy and the changing nature of legal repression” (European Group 1975: 57).
A more detailed account of early European Group conference papers was also published in 1975. Edited by Herman Bianchi, Mario Simondi and Ian Taylor Deviancy and Control in Europe brought together national reports on deviancy and social control in five countries (Britain, Italy, Netherlands, West Germany and Norway) and also provided a number of chapters exploring prisoner movements across Europe as well as a selection of conference papers. Many European Group conference papers have been published in journals, books and other publication formats over the last forty years but there have also been books published which have specifically been based on conference proceedings.
From 1980 through to 1990 the European Group published 10 volumes of its ‘Working Papers in European Criminology’ which brought together 163 conference papers delivered in this period (see Gilmore et al 2013 pp 370-381). The working papers explored issues around terrorism and state violence; state control and the security state; the experiences of young people; social movements and social conflicts; technologies and social control; expanding penal systems; civil rights; justice and ideology; and gender, sexuality and social control (Ibid). Although there was to be one further volume in 1996 bringing together a further 14 papers (Ibid:382) exploring issues on citizenship, human rights and minorities, focus shifted away from ‘Working Papers in European Criminology’ and towards the idea of developing a ‘European Group Journal’.
The initial proposal for a European Group Journal reached its full development in the early years of this century. Paddy Hillyard, who had been one of the editors of the Working Papers, alongside other leading members of the European Group such as Steve Tombs, Christina Pantazis and Simon Pemberton compiled a detailed proposal identifying the core aims of the journal and also the constitution of its editorial board. Although this proposal was passed by the European Group steering committee and the Annual General Meetings at the 2004 and 2005 annual conferences, problems subsequently arose with the proposed publisher. The journal, Justice, Power and Resistance, draws upon both the ‘Working Papers in European Criminology’ and the journal idea originally proposed by Paddy Hillyard and others.
At the 2010 Annual Conference in Lesvos, Greece two important things happened which resulted in the European Group Journal finally being established. The first development occurred following a hugely successful conference, when the conference convenor, Stratos Georgoulas (2012) edited a book bringing together a number of the papers delivered in Lesvos. This restarted the tradition of bringing out an edited book of working papers after each conference. Papers from Chambery, France in 2011 (Bell, 2012), Nicosia, Cyprus in 2012 (Sorvatzioti et al, 2013) and Oslo, Norway 2013 (Sollund, 2014) were all published collectively, building momentum for a specific European Group outlet.
An edited book to celebrate the 40th Conference of the European Group was also published in 2013 (Gilmore et al, 2013). The second development arose in the months leading up to the Lesvos conference when David Scott and John Moore started to work on reviving the ‘European Group Journal’. This went as far as putting together a new journal proposal and editorial collective and international advisory board and tying this together with the 2004/2005 journal proposal. After discussions at the 2010 conference it was agreed with a number of leading members that the new journal would need to be developed slowly and that we needed to learn from the difficulties that had been encountered previously.
At the Annual General Meeting of the Oslo 2013 conference, 40 years after the first conference, Emma Bell and David Scott were given permission to work towards developing a proposal and timescale for a new ’European Group Journal’. At the same time John Moore (later with Emma Bell and David Scott) re-started the tradition of the European Group publishing its own conference papers. The European Group had, for example, published the first 10 Working Papers in European Criminology. The first new publications by the European Group was a selection of papers on penal abolitionism drawn from the now largely unavailable Working Papers in European Criminology (Moore et al, 2014) and this was followed shortly by a collection of papers from the first conference of the re-established Working Group on Prisons, Detention and Punishment held in Liverpool in March 2013 (Canning, 2014).
At the 42nd Annual Conference it was agreed to establish the European Group’s own publisher – EG Press and that the new “European Group Journal” to be edited by former co-ordinators of the European Group David Scott and Emma Bell would be published by EG Press. The title of the new journal – Justice, Power and Resistance – was agreed at the 43rd Annual Conference in Tallin, Estonia.
Bell, E. (ed) (2012) No Borders Chambery: University of Savoie Press
Bianchi, H., Simondi, M. and Taylor, I. (eds) (1975) Deviancy and Control in Europe: Papers from the European Group for the Study of Deviance and Social Control London: John Wiley and Sons
Canning, V. (ed) (2014) Sites of Confinement Weston-super-Mare: European Group for the Study of Deviance and Social Control
European Group for the Study of Deviance and Social Control (1975) “Manifesto” in Gilmore, J, Moore, JM and Scott, D. (eds) (2013) Critique and Dissent Ottawa: Red Quill Books
Georgoulas, S. (2012) The Politics of Criminology: Critical Studies on Deviance and Social Control Berlin: Lit Verlag
Gilmore, J, Moore, JM and Scott, D. (eds) (2013) Critique and Dissent Ottawa: Red Quill Books
Moore, J.M., Rolston, W., Scott, D. and Tomlinson, M. (eds) (2014) Beyond Criminal Justice. Weston-super-Mare: European Group for the Study of Deviance and Social Control
Sollund, R. A. (2014) Green harms and crimes: Critical Criminology in a Changing World London: Palgrave
Sorvatzioti, D., Antonopolous, G., Papanicolaou, G. and Sollund, R. (eds) (2014) Critical Views on Crime, Policy and Social Control Nicosia: University of Nicosia Press